What are the main ecosystems in Pakistan?

How many ecosystems are in Pakistan?

Nine major ecological zones are recognized in Pakistan.

What ecosystems are the most common?

Ocean ecosystems are most common on Earth, as oceans and the living organisms they contain cover 75% of the Earth’s surface. Freshwater ecosystems are the rarest, covering only 1.8% of the Earth’s surface. Terrestrial, land, ecosystems cover the remainder of Earth.

How many biomes are in Pakistan?

Pakistan straddles three of the world’s eight biogeographic realms (Indo- Malayan, Palearctic, and AfricoTropical) with their distinct biotas, and spans four of Earth’s ten biomes (desert, temperate grassland, tropical seasonal forest and mountain).

What are range ecological zones of Pakistan?

Five different types of range ecological zones (Sub-alpine and temperate, Sub-tropical humid, Sub-tropical sub-humid, Tropical arid and semi-arid deserts plains, and Mediterranean) have been described in Pakistan (Khan & Mohammad, 1987). These rangelands are the major feed source of about 97 million heads of livestock.

What are the grasslands in Pakistan?

List of ecoregions in Pakistan

Realm Biome
Palearctic Montane grasslands and shrublands
Palearctic Montane grasslands and shrublands
Palearctic Montane grasslands and shrublands
Palearctic Montane grasslands and shrublands
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What is Pakistan’s biodiversity?

Pakistan is rich in biodiversity, particularly in the arid and semi-arid regions which cover almost 80% of the total land area. A number of animal and plant species are threatened and/or endangered largely due to over-exploitation and loss of natural habitat.

What are the top 10 ecosystems?

10 Examples of Natural Ecosystem

  1. Grassland Ecosystems. …
  2. Tropical Rainforest Ecosystems. …
  3. Temperate Forest Ecosystems. …
  4. Taiga Ecosystems. …
  5. Desert Ecosystems. …
  6. Tundra Ecosystems. …
  7. Freshwater Ecosystems. …
  8. Marine Ecosystems.

What are the 7 different ecosystems?

The different types of the ecosystem include:

  • Terrestrial ecosystem.
  • Forest ecosystem.
  • Grassland ecosystem.
  • Desert ecosystem.
  • Tundra ecosystem.
  • Freshwater ecosystem.
  • Marine ecosystem.

How many main ecosystems are there?

The Encyclopedia of Global Warming and Climate Change, Volume 1 identifies eight major ecosystems: temperate forest, tropical rain forests, deserts, grasslands, the taiga, the tundra, the chaparral and the ocean.

How many forests are in Pakistan?

Introduction. Pakistan has 4.2 million ha of forest and planted trees, which equates to 4.8 percent of the total land area.

Is Pakistan a desert?

Pakistan hosts five deserts which were historical forests. They include the Thar Desert in Sindh, the Cholistan Desert in Bahawalpur (Punjab), the Thal Desert in Bhakkar (Punjab), the Kharan Desert in Balochistan, and the Katpana Desert in Skardu (Gilgit-Baltistan).

What kind of forest are found in mountain areas in Pakistan?

Usually found in the mountainous regions and the areas with high elevation, Alpine Forests are divided into two categories in Pakistan: sub-alpine forests and alpine scrub. Here are some features of Alpine Forests in Pakistan: This particular type of forest is found throughout the Himalayas at about 3,350 m.

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Is Pakistan semi-arid?

The total area of Pakistan is 79.6 million hectares, of which 70 percent is arid to semi- arid. … The ecologies of NWFP and Northern Areas range from semi- arid to humid. The Sindh province is primarily arid while Punjab and Balochistan have arid- semiarid ratios as 58:29 and 43:57, respectively.

How many climate zones are in Pakistan?

The climate of Pakistan is divided into four main climatic regions or zones i.e. Highland Climate, Low land Climate, Desert/Arid Climate, Coastal/Maritime Climate.