What is coastal ecosystem services?

Coastal zones provide multiple ecosystem services of environmental, economic, social, cultural and recreational value for many stakeholders and economic sectors. These sectors include fisheries, tourism, marine transportation and ports, and wind power production.

What is meant by coastal ecosystem?

The coastal ecosystems occur where the land meets the sea and that includes a diverse set of habitat types like the mangroves, coral reefs, seagrass beds, estuaries and lagoons, backwaters etc.

How do coastal ecosystems provide services to people?

These include regulation services such as shoreline stabilization, nutrient regulation, carbon sequestration, and both detoxification of polluted waters and waste disposal; provisioning services such as supplying food, fuelwood, energy resources, and natural products; and amenity services such as coastal livelihoods, …

What type of ecosystem service is coastal protection?

An important ecosystem service provided by coral reefs is coastal protection or the buffering of shorelines from severe weather, thus protecting coastal human populations, property, and economic activities.

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What are the 5 main ecosystem services?

Regulating services include pollination, decomposition, water purification, erosion and flood control, and carbon storage and climate regulation. As we interact and alter nature, the natural world has in turn altered us.

What plants are in a coastal ecosystem?

Mangroves, seagrass, salt marshes, and coral reefs sustain ocean life and help mitigate climate change. Coastal habitats—areas both along and close to marine shorelines—are vital ecosystems.

What is the importance of coastal ecosystem?

Coastal zone in India assumes its importance because of high productivity of its ecosystems, concentration of population, exploitation of renewable and non-renewable natural resources, discharge of waste effluent and municipal sewage, development of various industries and spurt in recreational activities.

What is an ecosystem service example?

Examples of ecosystem services include products such as food and water, regulation of floods, soil erosion and disease outbreaks, and non-material benefits such as recreational and spiritual benefits in natural areas.

What are the types of ecosystem services?

More About Ecosystem Services

  • Provisioning Services or the provision of food, fresh water, fuel, fiber, and other goods;
  • Regulating Services such as climate, water, and disease regulation as well as pollination;
  • Supporting Services such as soil formation and nutrient cycling; and.

What are supporting ecosystem services?

Providing living spaces for plants or animals and maintaining a diversity of plants and animals, are ‘supporting services’ and the basis of all ecosystems and their services. Agriculture, forestry and fisheries are influenced and influence all types of ecosystem services.

What animals are in a coastal ecosystem?

Coastlines only make up about 8 percent of the Earth’s land, but they have about 26 percent of all biological diversity. This world of seabirds, clams, crabs, starfish, anemones, fish, kelp, and marine mammals, among many others, is a beautiful place, with many different types of natural communities.

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Is fishing an ecosystem service?

Human societies benefit in numerous ways from ecosystem services generated by fish populations. Fish are part of food chain dynamics, nutrient cycling, and ecosystem resilience.

What ecosystem services do coral reefs provide?

Coral reefs protect coastlines from storms and erosion, provide jobs for local communities, and offer opportunities for recreation. They are also are a source of food and new medicines. Over half a billion people depend on reefs for food, income, and protection.

What are the 7 ecosystem services?

Regulating services

  • Climate regulation. Both the biotic and abiotic ensembles of marine ecosystems play a role in climate regulation. …
  • Waste treatment and disease regulation. …
  • Buffer zones. …
  • Forest products. …
  • Marine products. …
  • Fresh water. …
  • Raw materials. …
  • Biochemical and genetic resources.

Which one of the following is an ecosystem service?

Which one of the following is an ecosystem service? purification of water.

What are the 4 major ecosystem processes?

A brief introduction to the basic ecosystem processes: water cycle, mineral cycle, solar energy flow, and community dynamics (succession). Monitoring these 4 processes tells you whether landscape health is improving or deteriorating, long before damage or improvement become obvious.