Who is most affected by poor environmental conditions indoors?
Environmental risks take their greatest toll on young children and older people, the report finds, with children under 5 and adults aged 50 to 75 years most impacted.
Who is most affected by poor environmental conditions?
Populations most at risk of health problems related to air pollution:
- People with lung diseases, such as asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
- Infants and young children.
- People who work or exercise outdoors.
- Adults over 65.
- People with a cardiovascular disease.
Which region has the highest prevalence of low birthweight?
The regions making the fastest progress are those with the highest numbers of low birthweight babies, Southern Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa, with a yearly decline in low birthweight prevalence of 1.4% and 1.1%, respectively, between 2000 and 2015.
In which region of the world would the burden from indoor air pollution be the greatest?
Western Pacific region and European region account for most of the air pollution attributable the Trachea, Bronchus and Lung cancer DALYs in the studied time period, and the Western Pacific region accounts for the highest rate of the global increase since 1990.
Who died indoor air pollution?
Indoor air pollution is a leading risk factor for premature death. The IHME estimates it’s responsible for 1.6 million deaths each year. The WHO puts this figure at 4.3 million. 6% of deaths in low-income countries are attributed to indoor air pollution.
Which of the following groups of individuals is at the highest risk for environmentally induced health risk?
Children and the elderly are often most at increased risk. Children are often more heavily exposed to toxins in the environment than adults because pound for pound, children breathe more air, drink more water, and eat more food than adults.
What age group is most affected by air pollution?
Older adults: Older people are more likely to be affected by air pollution, perhaps due to generally weaker immune systems, or undiagnosed respiratory or cardiovascular health conditions. As people age, their bodies are less able to compensate for the effects of environmental hazards.
Which populations run the greatest risk of harm from environmental hazards?
Children at all ages, not just the very young, are at greater risk than adults. Children under age 5 breathe more air, drink more water, and eat more food per unit of body weight than adults do, so they may experience higher rates of exposure to pathogens and pollutants.
Who is affected by land pollution?
As land pollution and soil erosion progress, animals are forced to shift habitats and adapt to new conditions. As a result, some species are at risk of extinction. The potential effects of soil contamination on human health include breathing disorders, birth defects, skin diseases, and cancer.
How many twins can be born at once?
Multiple births of as many as eight babies have been born alive, the first surviving set on record goes to the Suleman octuplets, born in 2009 in Bellflower, California.
Which country has the lowest birth weight?
Rates of low-weight births are lowest in the Nordic and Baltic OECD countries (Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Sweden), where in all cases around or less than 5% of live births are recorded as ‘low weight’.
Which country has highest birth weight?
Data on low birth weight is adjusted to account for under reporting. South Asia has the highest rate of babies not weighed at birth with 66 percent, but also have the highest low birth weight at 28 percent worldwide.
Why is air pollution the greatest environmental risk?
Air pollution is now the biggest environmental risk for early death, responsible for more than 6 million premature deaths each year from heart attacks, strokes, diabetes and respiratory diseases. That’s more than the deaths from AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria combined.
How does air pollution affect the environment?
Air pollution affects all things. It is harmful to our health, and it impacts the environment – reducing visibility and blocking sunlight, causing acid rain, and harming forests, wildlife, and agriculture. Greenhouse gas pollution, the cause of climate change, affects the entire planet.
What is environment and environmental pollution?
Environmental pollution is defined as “the contamination of the physical and biological components of the earth/atmosphere system to such an extent that normal environmental processes are adversely affected. From: Environmental Management, 2017.