India has an unusual range of climatic conditions that ranges from very cold to very hot, dry to humid, owing to its peculiar topography and location. The Himalayas and Hindu Kush block the cold Central Asian katabatic winds and so, the rest of the Indian subcontinent has warmer temperatures.
Why is India called as the land of climatic contrasts?
As India has various physiographic features, then the climate also varies from place to place. Temperature in hilly areas is cooler than that of plains and other areas. So, we can say that India is a land of climate contrast.
What do you mean by climatic contrast?
Temperature and precipitation vary from place to place and season to season in India. This is generally termed as seasonal contrast in climate.
What do you known about India’s climate?
For the most part, the country has a tropical climate which throughout most of the interior is a mixture of wet and dry tropical weather. In northern parts there is a humid tropical climate and along the western coast lies wet tropical areas.
Why is the climate so different in different parts of India?
Essentially, there arc two main reasons that climate varies from place to place; first, the amount of energy arriving from the sun, and second the circulation of the atmosphere and oceans which carry heat and moisture from one placc to another.
Why is India called a tropical country?
India is far away from the poles and is in the tropic region and hence, it has a tropical climate, but the major reason India is experiencing a tropical climate is due to the presence of Himalayas.
Why does it rain in winter in India?
Western disturbances, specifically the ones in winter, bring moderate to heavy rain in low-lying areas and heavy snow to mountainous areas of the Indian Subcontinent. They are the cause of most winter and post-monsoon season rainfall across northwest India.
What are the striking features of Indian climate?
A striking feature of the hot weather season is the ‘loo’. These are strong, gusty, hot, dry winds blowing during the day over the north and northwestern India. Sometimes they even continue until late in the evening. Direct exposure to these winds may even prove to be fatal.
What type of climate prevails in India?
The type of climate that prevails over India is Tropical monsoon type of climate. It is because India lies in the tropical belt and the climate is influenced by the monsoon winds which are confined to the Tropics.
What do you known about India’s climate Class 9?
The states located at the south of the tropic of cancer represent tropical climates, whereas those in the north have subtropical climatic conditions. Hence, India has both tropical and subtropical climates.
What is the climate and geography of India?
The climate in India ranges from Arctic-like conditions in the high Himalayas, to blast furnace heat in many parts of the country during the summer, and heavy monsoon downpours during the rainy season. … From mid-July to September, the occasional monsoon rains combine high humidity with high temperatures.