The Ecologically Critical Area (ECA) is an environmentally protected zone where the ecosystem is considered to be endangered to reach a critical condition by the changes brought through various human activities.
What is an environmentally critical area?
What Is It? Environmentally critical areas (ECAs) include wetlands, flood-prone areas, abandoned landfills, fish and wildlife habitat conservation areas, and steep slopes and other geologic hazard areas.
Why does the government declare an area ecologically critical area?
If the government is satisfied that due to degradation of environment, the ecosystem of any area has reached or is threatened to reach a critical state, the government may by notification in the official gazette declare such areas as Ecologically Critical Areas.
Why Hakaluki HAOR is an ecologically critical area?
Hakaluki Haor is designated as an ecologically critical area because a number of species from this ecosystem have already gone extinct . Before extensive exploitation of this haor it had a plentiful supply of aquatic resources and provided shelter for brood fish in winter as it was covered by swamp forest.
Which one is included in ecological critical area for Dhaka city?
Halda River to be declared as Ecologically Critical Area | Dhaka Tribune.
Why should environmentally critical areas be protected?
WHY DO WE NEED TO PROTECT ENVIRONMENTALLY CRITICAL AREAS? ECA regulations ensure protection of water quality, groundwater recharge, stream flow, slope stability, wildlife and fisheries habitat, natural stormwater storage/filter systems, human life, and property.
What is PD 1586 in the Philippines?
In the Philippines, we have Environmental Impact Statement System under Presidential Decree 1586 which was ratified on June 11, 1978. … It aims to protect the environment despite the increasing demand of natural resources and development to attain sustainability.
Where is Hakaluki HAOR situated?
Hakaluki Haor is located in the North-East of Bangladesh it belongs to two districts Moulvibazar (70% of the territory) and Sylhet (30% of the territory) under Sylhet division. Hakaluki Haor is one of the Ecologically Critical Area (ECA) which was once with plenty of aquatic resources including swamp forest.
Do you think Hakaluki HAOR is an important source of fisheries if yes why?
Hakaluki Haor is an important source of fisheries resources for Bangladesh. There are about 276 beels cover an area of 4925.198 hectors in the dry season. The beels in Hakaluki Haor provide water shelter for the mother fisheries. … Hakaluki Haor is also known as good grazing land in winter.
Why is Hakaluki HAOR an important source of Fisheries?
The beels in Hakaluki haor provide winter shelter for the mother fisheries. In early monsoon, these mother fisheries produce millions of fries for the entire downstream fishing communities. Floodplains are also an important source of fisheries resources within the area.
What kinds of are available in Hakaluki Haor?
A total of 558 species of animal and birds have been identified here. Amphibians, reptiles, aves and mammals all of them enrich the biodiversity of this haor region. Among these animals are the freshwater Turtle and Tortoises, Otters, Capped Langur, Pallas’s Fish Eagle, dolphin, snakes and many more.
What birds species are seen in Hakaluki Haor in winter?
Answer: Spot Bill Duck and Comb Duck are local species or ‘permanent residents’ of Hakaluki Haor and Grey Headed Lapwing is a Siberian bird. Hakaluki haor is spread over Sylhet and Moulvibazar districts.
How many protected areas are there in Bangladesh?
There are currently 45 protected areas in Bangladesh. ‘Co-management’ is a forest management concept implemented in the protected forests of Bangladesh for the enhancement of their biodiversity conservation as well as community wellbeing.