How does the Caribbean South America’s location near the equator affect its climate?

How does this region’s location near the equator affect its climate? … Most live in the fertile valleys and river basins because of the moderate climate and ideal farming conditions.

How does the region location near the equator affect its climate?

The distance from the equator affects the climate of a place. At the poles, energy from the sun reaches the Earth’s surface at lower angles and passes through a thicker layer of atmosphere than at the equator. This means the climate is cooler further from the Equator.

How does South America’s location affect its climate?

The eastern part of the South Pacific anticyclone influences the climate of most of South America’s west coast, causing stable, subsiding air conditions that yield minimal precipitation. … The ITCZ is responsible for the seasonal character of precipitation in South America’s extensive tropical wet-dry climatic zone.

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Why does the equator affect the climate?

At the equator, the Sun’s rays are most direct. This is where temperatures are highest. At higher latitudes, the Sun’s rays are less direct. The farther an area is from the equator, the lower its temperature.

What type of climate is along the equator in South America?

In general, the weather in South America is hot and humid. … El Nino causes very hot and wet weather along the coasts of northern Peru and Ecuador from April to October. Along the equator, average temperatures in Brazil and Colombia stay around 77°F (25°C), but can reach as high as 104°F (40°C).

Where is South America from the equator?

A: Ecuador, Colombia and Brazil.

Why does climate change with distance from the equator?

Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. … As a result, more energy is lost and temperatures are cooler.

Which factor affecting climate most influences the climate of northern half of South America?

Latin America’s climate is influenced mainly by the northern Atlantic anticyclone and the migration of the inter-tropical convergence zone, which also affects large areas of tropical South America.

What causes climate change in South America?

A main contributing factor is the continued development of massive metropolitan areas known as megacities. An estimated 86% of South Americans live in urban areas, meaning that resources are needed in high quantities in hyperlocal areas.

How does climate change affect Peru?

Due to climate change in recent years, seasonal water variations have diverged from historic patterns in Peru, resulting in more droughts and floods. The changes impact population centers such as Lima, Peru’s capital and home to 10 million people.

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What about climate is affected by distance to equator middle of Earth?

Latitude: Temperature range increases with distance from the equator. Also, temperatures decrease as you move away from the equator. This is because the suns rays are dispersed over a larger area of land as you move away from the equator. … Therefore coastal areas have a lower temperature range than those areas inland.

What climate is present in the very southern part of South America?

The continent of South America is located mostly in the Southern Hemisphere. The climate of South America is predominantly wet and humid.

Where is South America’s desert climate?

The Atacama Desert, extending from southern Peru into northern Chile is the world’s driest desert. Continuing north along the Peru Coast, this South America climate zone is void of moisture due to the Peru Current flowing north and unable to hold moisture in the cool dry air.

What climate does South America have?

South America extends from a broad equatorial zone in the north to a narrow sub-Arctic zone in the south. It can be divided into four climatic regions: tropical, temperate, arid, and cold. Tropical climates—which include both tropical rainy and tropical wet and dry climates—cover more than half of the continent.