A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened with destruction. For example, forests are considered biodiversity hotspots.
What are biodiversity hotspots Ncert?
A Biodiversity Hotspot is a region with a significant reservoir of plants, animals, and other life that is under threat from humans. These areas are with very high levels of species richness and high degree of endemism (that is, species confined to that region and not found anywhere else.
Which are biodiversity hotspots?
Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.
What is a biodiversity hotspot in biology?
There are currently 36 recognized biodiversity hotspots. These are Earth’s most biologically rich—yet threatened—terrestrial regions. To qualify as a biodiversity hotspot, an area must meet two strict criteria: Contain at least 1,500 species of vascular plants found nowhere else on Earth (known as “endemic” species).
What is biodiversity hotspot Class 12?
Class 12 Biology: A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that has a significant pool of biodiversity but at the same time it is also threatened with destruction. The British biologist Norman Myers gave the term “biodiversity hotspot” in 1988.
What are biodiversity hotspots mention one biodiversity hotspot in India?
India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.
What is biodiversity hotspot quizlet?
A Biodiversity Hotspot is an area containing a huge number of species, a large percentage of which are endemic.
Why are there biodiversity hotspots?
To qualify as a biodiversity hotspot, a region must meet two strict criteria: It must have at least 1,500 vascular plants as endemics — which is to say, it must have a high percentage of plant life found nowhere else on the planet. A hotspot, in other words, is irreplaceable.
What is diversity and biodiversity?
The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.
What is a hotspot?
Mobile WiFi hotspots
Did you know that you can use your iPhone or many Android smartphones as a WiFi hotspot? By turning on this feature, your phone uses its cellular data to create a WiFi hotspot. You can then connect a computer or other device to this hotspot to access the internet.
What is biodiversity hotspot Class 11?
The biodiversity hotspot is a geographical area where the biodiversity level is very high. These particular areas contain a large number of different species of animals, plants and microorganisms.