The climate of Latin America ranges from the hot and humid Amazon River basin to the dry and desert-like conditions of northern Mexico and southern Chile. Rain forest, desert, and savanna are all found in the region. The vegetation varies from rain forests to grass- lands and desert scrub.
What is the vegetation of South America?
The vegetation varies from rain forests to grasslands and desert scrub. It ranges from the thick trees of the rain forests to mosses of the tundra. Tropical rainforests are found in the equatorial regions in South America.
What is the climate of South America?
In general, the weather in South America is hot and humid. Countries in the Amazon baisn like Northern Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Ecuador and Venezuela have are dominated by rainforest and have consistent hot and humid weather year-round with high rainfall. … The climate in South America is much more volatile further south.
What is the most common type of vegetation in South America?
Broad Leaf Evergreen Forest is the most common type of vegetation in Latin America.
Why is the climate and vegetation plants varied in South America?
The vegetation varies from rain forests to grasslands and desert scrub. … This variety of climate and vegetation is due to several factors. First, Latin America spans a great distance on each side of the equator. Second, there are big changes in elevation because of the massive mountains in the region.
What is the climate like in Central and South America?
Central America’s climate is characterized by a wet and dry season. … Being a massive land area, the climate of South America is widely varied. The northwestern coastal regions of the continent are usually hot, wet, and humid, while the eastern and southern coastal regions are very hot.
How would you describe the climate and vegetation of Atlantic South America?
CLIMATE AND VEGETATION
Atlantic South America has many climates. Southern and highland areas have cool climates while northern and coastal areas have tropical and moist climates. Patagonia has a cool, desert climate. To the north in the Pampas, the climate is humid subtropical.
What are the five types of climate in South America?
∎ Five climate zones: Caliente (hot), Templada (warm), Fria (cold), Helada (frozen), and Paramos. formed by the subduction of the Pacific plate beneath South America. Argentina – South of Santiago the mountains are lower.
Where is South America’s desert climate?
The Atacama Desert, extending from southern Peru into northern Chile is the world’s driest desert. Continuing north along the Peru Coast, this South America climate zone is void of moisture due to the Peru Current flowing north and unable to hold moisture in the cool dry air.
What is the vegetation like in Chile?
South of the Biobío River, mixed deciduous forest and evergreen trees are common. Many unique species are found in these humid forests, the most conspicuous being the rauli, or southern cedar, the roble beech, the ulmo (an evergreen shrub), and the evergreen laurel.
What is the most common type of climate and vegetation throughout Latin America?
The most common type of vegetation in Latin America is Broadleaf Evergreen Forest vegetation. Brazil is the country with most of the Broadleaf Evergreen Forest vegetation.
Why are there so many different types of vegetation in South America?
South America possesses a distinctive plant life. … There are some similarities between South America’s vegetation and that of other continents, as a result of past geologic developments. The pattern of distribution within the continent is complex because of the variety of climatic and ecological zones.
What is the vegetation of North America?
Oak, Beach, Dauglas fir and Maple trees are examples of the Temperate Mixed Forests vegetation in Canada and USA. Most of the soft wood industries of Canada are developed in this region. The Temperate Grasslands Of North America are called as Prairies. Only grass grows due to less amount of rainfall.
Why is the climate of South America generally hot?
The first and most important of them are the subtropical high-pressure air masses over the South Atlantic and South Pacific oceans and their seasonal shifts in position, which determine both large-scale patterns of wind circulation and the location of the rain-bearing intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ).
What are the two reasons for the variety of climate and vegetation found in Latin America?
What are two reasons for the variety of climate and vegetation found in Latin America? It spans a great distance on each side of the equator and there are big changes in elevation.
Is South America tropical or temperate?
This region of South America, located on and south of the Tropic of Capricorn, is considered to have subtropical and temperate ecosystems. The climate of most of the subregion has four well-defined seasons, with the cool winters and hot summers typical of the temperate zone.