Vulnerability: the degree to which a system is susceptible to, or unable to cope with, adverse effects of climate change, including climate variability and extremes. [It] is a function of the character, magnitude and rate of climate variation to which a system is exposed, its sensitivity, and its adaptive capacity.
What is vulnerability in climate change adaptation?
Vulnerability is a function of the character, magnitude, and rate of climate change and variation to which a system is exposed, its sensitivity, and its adaptive capacity.”20 others have focused on the extent to which social groups are able to adapt to a given set of environmental circumstances or stresses.
What is vulnerability adaptation?
The degree to which a system is susceptible to (or incapable of) dealing with the negative impacts of climate change (including climate variability and extreme events). – Adaptation. Adjustment of a system to respond to new conditions or. changes in its environment.
What is vulnerability of population to climate change?
Populations Vulnerable to Climate Change
Some people are more exposed to climate-related health impacts, such as extreme heat, flooding from extreme weather events, and tickborne diseases.
Social vulnerability to climate change is therefore defined in this paper as the exposure of groups or individuals to stress as a result of the impacts of climate change and related climate extremes, following from the definition outlined by Chambers (1989).
Who is vulnerable to climate change impacts?
Older people, the very young and people in poor health tend to be more sensitive to the health effects from climate impacts like floods and heatwaves because of their higher physical susceptibility relative to others in the population.
What are the types of vulnerability?
Types of vulnerability include social, cognitive, environmental, emotional or military. In relation to hazards and disasters, vulnerability is a concept that links the relationship that people have with their environment to social forces and institutions and the cultural values that sustain and contest them.
What are the three components of vulnerability?
Three components of vulnerability—exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity—were defined by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) as necessary for identifying climate adaptation strategies and actions.
What is climate vulnerability index?
It presents a climate vulnerability index (CVI) of states and union territories by mapping exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity. A CVI would help to map critical vulnerabilities, and plan strategies to enhance resilience and adapt by climate-proofing communities, economies and infrastructure.
What is inherent vulnerability?
Inherent vulnerability is related to ‘sources of vulnerability that are inherent to the human condition and that arise from our corporeality, our neediness, our dependence on others, and our affective and social natures’ (Rogers et al.
Which of the following groups is vulnerable to climate change?
For vulnerable populations, such as children, low-income people, people with disabilities, pregnant people and minorities, the health effects of climate change-related extreme weather events can be especially devastating.
What is the meaning of environmental vulnerability?
Environmental vulnerability: the potential impacts of events on the environment(flora, fauna, ecosystems, biodiversity).
What is the meaning of vulnerability in economics?
ABSTRACT In this paper, economic vulnerability is defined as the exposure of an economy to exogenous shocks, arising out of economic openness, while economic resilience is defined as the policy-induced ability of an economy to withstand or recover from the effects of such shocks.
Social vulnerability refers to potential harm to people. It involves a combination of factors that determine the degree to which someone’s life and livelihood are put at risk by a discrete and identifiable event in nature or in society.