Shifting cultivation is practiced in much of the world’s Humid Low-Latitude, or “A” climate regions, which have relatively high temperatures and abundant rainfall.
Where does shifting cultivation occur?
More widespread signs of shifting cultivation were found mostly in small pockets, with the exception of larger areas in Central Africa (e.g. northern Zambia and in the Democratic Republic of the Congo), parts of southeastern Africa (e.g. Mozambique), northern mainland Southeast Asia (northern Laos and Myanmar), Borneo, …
Does shifting cultivation cause climate change?
Now, shifting cultivation is bad because it causes carbon emission and thus contributes to climate change. Recent research has however also provides evidence to the contrary. 1. … In fact, according to the FAO’s own definition of forest, shifting cultivation does not cause deforestation but forest modification.
What type of agriculture is shifting cultivation?
Swidden agriculture, also known as shifting cultivation, refers to a technique of rotational farming in which land is cleared for cultivation (normally by fire) and then left to regenerate after a few years.
What are the main features of shifting cultivation?
Key Features of Shifting Cultivation
- Rotation of fields.
- Use of fire for clearing the land.
- Keeping the land fallow for regeneration for a number of years.
- Use of human labour as main input.
- Non-employment of draught animals.
Where is the shifting cultivation Practised in India?
It is largely practised in the north-eastern region of India, including Assam, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, etc. This way of farming is also known as “Jhum Kheti”.
What is shifting cultivation in geography?
Shifting cultivation is an agricultural system in which plots of land are cultivated temporarily, then abandoned while post-disturbance fallow vegetation is allowed to freely grow while the cultivator moves on to another plot.
What is the environmental impact of shifting cultivation?
The negative effects of abusing shifting cultivation are devastating and far-reaching in degrading the environment and ecology of the affected region. These negative effects can be identified in the form of localized deforestation, soil and nutrient loss, and invasion by weeds and other species.
Why is shifting cultivation practiced in the tropics?
Shifting cultivation systems are ecologically viable as long as there is enough land for long (10–20 years) restorative fallow, and expectations of crop yield and the attendant standards of living are not too high. These systems are naturally suited for harsh environments and fragile ecosystems of the tropics.
What is shifting cultivation called in Malaysia?
Key Points. Shifting agriculture is known as Ladang in Indonesia and Malaysia. Shifting cultivation is an agricultural system in which areas of land are cultivated for a short period of time.
What is shifting cultivation Class 8 geography?
Answer: Shifting cultivation is also known as Slash-and-burn cultivation. It is a type of farming activity which involves clearing of a land plot by cutting down trees and burning them. The ashes are then mixed with the soil and crops are grown. After the land has lost its fertility, it is abandoned.
Where is shifting cultivation practiced in Africa?
According to an FAO study, “the main humid area where shifting cultivation remains the dominant form of farming is the middle belt of West Africa, between the coastal tree belt and the more permanently farmed northern plains.
What is shifting agriculture called in India?
Shifting cultivation, locally known as jhum in India, has been often blamed for deforestation and environmental degradation.
What is shifting cultivation called in Odisha?
The word Jhum or Podu refers to shift and burn cultivation. This form of cultivation was an ancient agricultural method used by tribal people. It is one of the oldest methods used for agriculture. It is known as Jhum in northeast India, Podu in Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, and some southern Indian states.
Which state in India has largest area under shifting cultivation?
Shifting Cultivation in India
Shifting cultivation is an age-old practice, particularly being practised in the Eastern Ghats. Orissa accounts for the largest area under shifting cultivation in India. Shifting cultivation is locally known as the podu cultivation.