Northern plains have extreme climate because these plains are far from the sea. Hence, they experience high temperatures during the summer and low temperatures during the winter. If these plains had been closer to the sea, then they would have experienced the moderating influence of the sea.
Why do the northern plains of India experience extreme climate?
The Northern Plains of India have a continental type of climate as these Plains lie in the interior of the continent and are located far away from the moderating influence of the sea. Thus, the summers are extremely hot and winters are extremely cold.
What is the climatic condition of Northern Plains?
The western part of northern plain experiences continental type of climate. In these areas, the summers are very hot & winters are very cold. The air is generally devoid of moisture. On the eastern side, the winters are mild while the summers are hot with much moisture in the air.
Why does the northern part of India experience wind storms?
The region is receiving moisture from two sources – a disturbance over North Pakistan and adjoining Jammu and Kashmir, and easterly winds from the Bay of Bengal. The weather condition turned into a cyclonic circulation over Haryana, which triggered the massive down bursts or dust storms accompanying thunderstorms.
What kind of climate does the northern mountain have?
It has a cold desert climate. It is a region of barren, arid, frigid and wind-blown wastelands. Areas south of the Himalayas are largely protected from cold winter winds coming from the interior of Asia.
Why do Northern Plains have higher range of temperature?
The northern plains have higher ranges of temperature then other areas of the world at the similar latitude because norther plains lie interior of the country,these plains are far from any maritime affect . This region experience continentally hence it’s tempreature is higher.
Why do continental areas have an extreme climate?
Continental climates exist where cold air masses infiltrate during the winter and warm air masses form in summer under conditions of high sun and long days. Places with continental climates are as a rule are either far from any moderating effect of oceans or are so situated that prevailing winds tend to head offshore.
In which two ways do the northern mountains affect the climate of the northern Plains?
Climatic Influence: Due to their height, width and direction, these mountains intercept the summer monsoon winds coming from the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea, and cause precipitation in the form of rain and snow.
Why the North Western part of India receives very little rainfall?
During the monsoon period the land mass gets heated and create low pressure and high pressure in Arabian sea pushes S_W wind towards India. … and North east wind does contain lot of moisture, consequently that become dry as passes through land masses. therefore unable to brings rainfall in western part.
Why do the North East monsoons bring almost no rainfall to most parts of India?
(i) The North East Monsoons bring almost no rain to most of India because these winds have no moisture, as they blow from land to sea. … But the northern part which is temperate zone has a different climate, because this belt is away from the equator and also away from the influence of sea, thus has extremes of climate.
Why do the northern and northwestern states of India experience cyclonic disturbances in winters?
The western cyclonic disturbances are experienced in north and north western parts of India during winter season. They are caused due to the westerly winds which flow from west to east between 300-600 latitude.
How do the climate of the northern mountains impacts the climate of our country?
The Himalayas play a very important role in influencing the climate of India. India is a monsoon land only because of the presence of Himalayas. It traps the monsoon winds from Arabian sea and Bay of Bengal and forces them to shed their moisture content within the Indian sub-continent in the form of snow and rain.
What was the climate of the Great Plains?
The Great Plains have a continental climate. Over much of their expanse, cold winters and warm summers prevail, with low precipitation and humidity, much wind, and sudden changes in temperature. The major source of moisture is the Gulf of Mexico, and the amount falls off both to the north and west.
How do the Himalayas affect the climate of the northern plains of India?
Indian climate is a monsoon type of climate. … Due to Himalayas entire India is brought under the sway of moist laden winds for a few months. The Himalayas block the monsoon winds and confine them to the Indian subcontinent. Without monsoons, India would have been a desert.