Biological diversity exists at different levels, such as the level of ecosystems, species and genes. Biodiversity plays a specific role in the existence and long-term maintenance of ecosystem functions, which are keys to the provision of ecosystem services.
Is biodiversity a supporting ecosystem service?
Biodiversity also provides supporting ecosystem services, which are necessary for the production of all other—more direct—ecosystem services. For example, by influ- encing primary production and nutrient and water cycling, bio- diversity indirectly supports the production of food, fiber, and shelter.
How is biodiversity and ecosystem connected?
Increasing species diversity can influence ecosystem functions — such as productivity — by increasing the likelihood that species will use complementary resources and can also increase the likelihood that a particularly productive or efficient species is present in the community.
What are ecosystem services by biodiversity?
Many key ecosystem services provided by biodiversity, such as nutrient cycling, carbon sequestration, pest regulation and pollination, sustain agricultural productivity. Promoting the healthy functioning of ecosystems ensures the resilience of agriculture as it intensifies to meet growing demands for food production.
Why are supporting services important to the ecosystem?
Providing living spaces for plants or animals and maintaining a diversity of plants and animals, are ‘supporting services’ and the basis of all ecosystems and their services. Agriculture, forestry and fisheries are influenced and influence all types of ecosystem services.
Why is biodiversity important to the stability of an ecosystem?
Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play. For example, A larger number of plant species means a greater variety of crops. … Healthy ecosystems can better withstand and recover from a variety of disasters.
How ecosystem services and sustainability are connected?
The key to sustainable development is achieving a balance between the exploitation of natural resources for socio-economic development, and conserving ecosystem services that are critical to everyone’s wellbeing and livelihoods (Falkenmark et al., 2007). … Ecosystem services are the benefits people get from nature.
How ecosystem services and biodiversity losses affect the environment and community?
Biodiversity loss can have significant direct human health impacts if ecosystem services are no longer adequate to meet social needs. Indirectly, changes in ecosystem services affect livelihoods, income, local migration and, on occasion, may even cause or exacerbate political conflict.
Why is biodiversity important?
Biodiversity is essential for the processes that support all life on Earth, including humans. Without a wide range of animals, plants and microorganisms, we cannot have the healthy ecosystems that we rely on to provide us with the air we breathe and the food we eat. And people also value nature of itself.
What services do ecosystems provide?
Ecosystem services are the benefits people obtain from ecosystems: provisioning services (also known as goods) such as food and water; regulating services such as flood, pest, and disease control; cultural services such as spiritual and recreational benefits; and supporting services, such as nutrient cycling, that …
What is supporting services in ecosystem?
Ecosystem services that are necessary for the maintenance of all other ecosystem services. Some examples include biomass production, production of atmospheric oxygen, soil formation and retention, nutrient cycling, water cycling, and provisioning of habitat.