The higher temperatures in the tropics cause higher rates of metabolism, ecological dynamics and coevolutionary processes, which generate and maintain higher biodiversity.
Why is biodiversity rich in the tropics?
– Tropical latitudes produce more solar power than temperate zones, resulting in high productivity and high diversity of biodiversity. – There are fewer seasonal changes in tropical regions and they have a more or less stable climate. This encourages the specialization of the niche and hence the high wealth of animals.
Why tropical regions are richer in biodiversity than the temperate regions?
It is generally seen that there is more biodiversity in the tropical region than the temperate region because of a variety of factors: … The tropical forest has a stable ecosystem as well as a suitable climatic condition and favorable reproductive environment for animal and species to thrive.
Why are tropical areas richer in biological resources than polar areas?
The vast tropical region receives the greatest amount of solar energy than any other region. So, the energy input is higher in these regions which leads to greater biodiversity and species variation.
What is tropical biodiversity?
The most conspicuous trait of tropical ecosystems is their high biodiversity. A few hectares of tropical rainforest may be home to more species of plants, fungi, animals and microorganisms than all of the United States and Canada combined.
Why tropical rainforest has maximum biodiversity?
Option A: The maximum biodiversity is found in tropical rain forests as they are less seasonal, they are neither too hot nor too cold and are more predictable. … Thus, when compared to tropical rainforest, temperate rain forests have less biodiversity.
Why do some areas have higher biodiversity?
Unique Climates and Conditions. One of the most significant and naturally occurring causes of differences in biodiversity across the world is differences in climate. … On the other extreme, moist, tropical zones like the Amazon rainforest support some of the highest levels of biodiversity in the world.
What type of ecosystem is found in tropical climates?
dry seasons driven by the tropical rain belt moving within the region. There are many different habitats within the tropics including: tropical rainforest, cloud forest, wetlands, dry deciduous forest, spiny forest, desert and even alpine habitat on the highest mountains.
Why do we have high diversity of plants and animal life in tropical rainforests?
Climate: because rainforests are located in tropical regions, they receive a lot of sunlight. … Since there is a lot of sunlight, there is a lot of energy in the rainforest. This energy is stored in plant vegetation, which is eaten by animals. The abundance of energy supports an abundance of plant and animal species.
How much biodiversity is in the tropics?
More than two thirds of the world’s biodiversity resides in tropical regions, providing important ecosystem functions and services at global and local levels.