Your question: How does the climate affect the ocean?

Climate change warms the ocean, causing knock-on effects such as thermal expansion – which leads to a rise in sea level – and changes in ocean currents. The melting of ice both on land and in the sea also affects the ocean, causing more sea-level rise and reducing the salinity of the ocean, respectively.

What are 3 ways that climate change is affecting the ocean?

Here are five ways these ever-warmer temperatures are affecting our oceans:

  • Coral bleaching. …
  • Fish migration. …
  • Drowning wetlands. …
  • Ocean acidification. …
  • A disastrous positive feedback loop.

How does climate change affect ocean currents?

Ocean currents are vulnerable to the effects of climate change. … Cooled by the chilly polar air, this water becomes denser, and so sinks to the deep ocean, where it is pushed back towards the equator (becoming warmer, less dense and rising as it goes) by the next batch of denser water coming from above.

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How does climate change affect the ocean quizlet?

How does climate change affect Earth’s oceans? -this leads to glaciers melting more than normal; increased sea level; flooding; etc.

How does climate change affect the coral reefs?

Climate change leads to: A warming ocean: causes thermal stress that contributes to coral bleaching and infectious disease. Sea level rise: may lead to increases in sedimentation for reefs located near land-based sources of sediment. Sedimentation runoff can lead to the smothering of coral.

How does climate change affect ocean acidification?

The rising concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is driving up ocean surface temperatures and causing ocean acidification. … The rate at which water absorbs CO2 decreases as water temperature increases.

What is the climate of a ocean?

An oceanic climate, also called a maritime climate, is a type of weather pattern. In an area with an oceanic climate, summers are cool and winters are cooler but not very cold. There is rain in the summer and rain and snow in the winter with no dry season. Oceanic climates are caused by wind patterns.

How does warming of the ocean affect sea level quizlet?

Sea levels are rising due to increased temperatures causing water to expand and ice to melt which then runs off into the seas. The oceans absorb carbon dioxide and this makes them slightly acidic. As they warm they absorb less carbon dioxide which is a problem for marine life.

How do oceans regulate the climate quizlet?

Deep currents, stream like movements of water flowing slowly along the ocean floor, form when cold, dense water from the poles sink below the warmer, less dense ocean water located off the coast of Antarctica. The ocean absorbs and stores energy from sunlight, which regulates the Earth’s atmosphere’s temperatures.

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How do oceans help stabilize the earth’s climate quizlet?

Ocean currents act much like a conveyor belt, transporting warm water and precipitation from the equator toward the poles and cold water from the poles back to the tropics. Thus, ocean currents regulate global climate, helping to counteract the uneven distribution of solar radiation reaching Earth’s surface.

How climate change is affecting the Great Barrier Reef?

Impacts on the Reef

climate projections for the reef show that sea and air temperatures will continue to increase, sea level is rising, the ocean is becoming more acidic, intense storms and rainfall will become more frequent, and ocean currents will change.

How has climate change affect biodiversity on the Great Barrier Reef?

Habitat changes

As water temperatures rise, many marine species are being forced to move south to cooler habitats. This shift creates increased competition for food and shelter in cooler waters, threatening the entire ecosystem.

How does the ocean soak up CO2?

Explanation: The ocean can absorb carbon dioxide ( CO2 ) in 2 ways: diffusion from the atmosphere and through photosynthesis in plankton and algae. … The solubility of carbon dioxide varies based on salinity and temperature of the water and there is a finite amount that the water can absorb.