Climate change will also affect infectious disease occurrence.” A number of diseases well known to be climate-sensitive, such as malaria, dengue fever, West Nile virus, cholera and Lyme disease, are expected to worsen as climate change results in higher temperatures and more extreme weather events.
What diseases are spread by climate change?
As the globe warms, mosquitoes will roam beyond their current habitats, shifting the burden of diseases like malaria, dengue fever, chikungunya and West Nile virus.
What are 3 things that climate can be affected by?
3.1 Factors affecting climate
- distance from the sea.
- ocean currents.
- direction of prevailing winds.
- shape of the land (known as ‘relief’ or ‘topography’)
- distance from the equator.
- the El Niño phenomenon.
How does climate change impact the spread of disease?
Warming climates increase the range within which a disease can find a home, especially those transmitted by “vectors,” mosquitoes and ticks that carry a pathogen from its primary host to its new victim.
Which disease is most sensitive to climate change?
The incidence of mosquito-borne diseases, including malaria, dengue, and viral encephalitides, are among those diseases most sensitive to climate.
What are different types of disease?
There are four main types of disease: infectious diseases, deficiency diseases, hereditary diseases (including both genetic diseases and non-genetic hereditary diseases), and physiological diseases. Diseases can also be classified in other ways, such as communicable versus non-communicable diseases.
What are infectious diseases?
Infectious diseases are disorders caused by organisms — such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. Many organisms live in and on our bodies. They’re normally harmless or even helpful. But under certain conditions, some organisms may cause disease. Some infectious diseases can be passed from person to person.
What are the 5 effects of climate change?
What are the effects of climate change and global warming?
- rising maximum temperatures.
- rising minimum temperatures.
- rising sea levels.
- higher ocean temperatures.
- an increase in heavy precipitation (heavy rain and hail)
- shrinking glaciers.
- thawing permafrost.
What are the 5 causes of climate change?
Causes for rising emissions
- Burning coal, oil and gas produces carbon dioxide and nitrous oxide.
- Cutting down forests (deforestation). …
- Increasing livestock farming. …
- Fertilisers containing nitrogen produce nitrous oxide emissions.
- Fluorinated gases are emitted from equipment and products that use these gases.
What are some examples of climate change?
What Is Climate Change?
- Rising sea levels.
- Shrinking mountain glaciers.
- Ice melting at a faster rate than usual in Greenland, Antarctica and the Arctic.
- Changes in flower and plant blooming times.
What are the 5 major environmental problems?
Some of the major environmental problems are as follows: 1. Ozone Depletion, Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming 2. Desertification 3. Deforestation 4.
Disposal of Wastes.
- Ozone Depletion, Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming: …
- Desertification: …
- Deforestation: …
- Loss of Biodiversity: …
- Disposal of Wastes:
What are two changes to the environment that can lead to the spread of infectious diseases?
Together with loss of forests and spread of cities, the findings also cite road and dam building, the clearing of natural habitats for agriculture and mining and the pollution of coastal waters. Expansion of mining and other extractive industries can increase the incidence of diseases like malaria.
What diseases are affected by weather?
Hence, it is likely that climate fluctuations conducive to their growth (warmer temperatures and intermediate salinities) lead to increased incidence of disease.
- ST. LOUIS ENCEPHALITIS.
- RIFT VALLEY FEVER.
- LYME DISEASE.
Who is most affected by climate change?
According to this analysis, based on the impacts of extreme weather events and the socio-economic losses they cause, Japan, the Philippines and Germany are the most affected places by climate change today.