Why Western Ghats are considered as one of the biodiversity hotspots?

“Why Western Ghats are considered as one of the biodiversity hotspots?” Because Western Ghats are the regions with very high level of species richness and high degree of endemism. Hotspots are also regions of accelerated habital loss.

Why have Western Ghats in India have been declared as biological hotspots?

Due to greater species diversity/presence of endemic species.

Why Western Ghats are significant and considered as one of the eight hot spots of biological diversity in the world?

The Western Ghats are known for their high biodiversity and endemism as it is identified as one of the world’s eight hot hotspots of biological diversity. … 77% of amphibians, 0.2% of reptiles located in the Western Ghats are not found anywhere else in the world. Up to 320 endangered species survive here.

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Which area is known as hotspot of biodiversity?

Biodiversity hotspots are the regions of megadiversity. These areas are rich in biodiversity. They reserve the endangered species. In India four hotspots are present namely, Himalayas, Western Ghats, Indo-Burman region and Sundaland which consists of Nicobar group of Islands.

What are the main Centres of biodiversity in Western Ghats?

Herbaceous species richness is the highest in the stretch of hills to the south of Kodagu district in Karnataka (Nair 1991). The Nilgiri Mountains are one of the most important centers of speciation for flowering plants in the Western Ghats, with 82 species restricted to this area alone (Daniels 2001).

Why Western Ghats have greater number of amphibians?

Species diversity is the variety in the number and richness of the species of a region. Western ghats have greater amphibian species diversity as compared to Eastern ghats. … Number of individuals of different species represent species evenness or species equitability.

What are species called that are found in only one geographic location?

Endemic species—species that are only found in one particular location—are also found in hotspots. All of the Earth’s species work together to survive and maintain their ecosystems.

Why Western Ghats are called ghats?

Ghats, two mountain ranges forming the eastern and western edges, respectively, of the Deccan plateau of peninsular India. … In Hindi ghat means “river landing stairs” or “mountain pass” and has been extended in its Anglicized plural form (formerly ghauts) to include the mountains themselves.

What is the significance of Western Ghat?

The Western Ghats perform important hydrological and watershed functions. Approximately 245 million people live in the peninsular Indian states that receive most of their water supply from rivers originating in the Western Ghats. Thus, the soil and water of this region sustain the livelihoods of millions of people.

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Why is Western Ghats known as Sahyadri?

The Western Ghats is a mountain range, also the “Sahyadri” (The Mountain of Patience). The West Ghat or Sahyadri Range is the largest mountain range in India after the Himalayans from the Tapi to the Nilgiri. … In northern Maharashtra, the Western Ghats are known as Sahyadri. Hence this is the correct option.

What is one of the most prevalent hotspots of biodiversity in India?

the Western Ghat is one of the most prevalent hotspot biodiversity of India.

What is biodiversity hotspot Why is India considered as a mega biodiversity?

An area is known as a hotspot if it contains at least 0.5 per cent of endemic plant species. India is considered a mega-diversity hotspot due to the great diversity of organisms found here, ranging from eastern to western ghats to northern and southern India as well. Mainly Western ghats are now at high risk.

Which type of mountain is Western Ghat?

One view says the mountains of the Western Ghats are Block Mountains formed due to the down warping of a part of land into the Arabian Sea. Other view says that the mountains of the Western Ghats are not true mountains, but are the faulted edge of the Deccan Plateau.

Is Eastern Ghat a biodiversity hotspot?

Biodiversity hotspots are located only in tropical regions. 2. India has four biodiversity hotspots i.e., Eastern Himalayas, Western Himalayas, Western Ghats and Andaman and Nicobar Islands. … In India, Eastern Ghats and Western Himalaya are the biodiversity hot spots.

How are the Western Ghats different from Eastern Ghats?

Ghats refer to the stepped mountains with valleys in between them. … The western ghats are continuous chains of mountains and can be crossed through passes only. 1. The Eastern ghats are not continuous and are cut by rivers falling into the Bay of Bengal.

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